Buxton, Iowa: 'A Black Man's Town'
Courtesy of The African American Museum of Iowa
Black History Blogger, Lesley Gist www.blogtalkradio.com/TheGISTofFREEDOM, WWW.The Gist of Freedom.
While it was a multiethnic community, Buxton was considered "a black man's town" because the number of African-American families significantly outweighed that of other ethnic groups. As in Muchakinock , Iowa , blacks held many key roles in town, including two justices of the peace and two deputy sheriffs. With a black population that reached about 5,000, the town was dubbed by Booker T. Washington "a success." But soon, demand for coal, the town's principal industry, began to lessen. By 1927 Buxton had lost all of its residents.